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          Madeleine

          Église de St-Marie-Madeleine
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          The Greek temple just north of the Place the Concorde is known as 'La Madeleine' or 'L'église de St-Marie-Madeleine'.
          La Madeleine Church, Paris
          La Madeleine
          The large building is actually a church, dedicated to St. Mary Magdalene. In French, Magdalene is known as Madeleine, hence the name of the building.

          Original Designs

          When construction of the church started in 1764, the plans made by architect Pierre Constant d'Ivry called for a design similar to that of the Invalides church. When d'Ivry died in 1777 his designs, which can be seen in the Musée Carnavalet, were dismissed by his successor, Guillome-Martin Couture.
          Model of the Madeleine as designed by d'Ivry
          Scale model of a
          design by d'Ivry
          He decided to raze the unfinished building and start with a new design, this time based on the Panthéon.

          A Temple becomes a Church

          Construction halted during the French Revolution until 1806 when Napoleon decided to build a temple in honor of his army. He appointed Pierre-Alexandre Vignon who razed the structure yet again and started with the construction of a temple based on the 'Maison Carrée', an ancient Roman temple in the French city of Nîmes.

          With the construction of the Arc de Triomphe, which honored the French Army, the new temple was looking for a new function.
          La Madeleine front facade
          Front facade
          Some of the suggestions included using the temple as a parliament, a bank or even a train station. Finally in 1842 the building was consecrated as a church, a function it still holds today.

          Design

          No less than fifty-two Corinthian columns surround the temple, each of them twenty meter high (66 ft). At the front, the columns are topped with a sculpted frieze. The bas reliefs on the bronze doors are by Henri de Triqueti and represent the Ten Commandments.

          Inside the Madeleine Church in Paris
          View of the apse
          The temple's facade acts as a great architectural counterbalance to the colonnaded facade of the Palais Bourbon across the river.

          Interior

          Inside, behind the altar is a large statue depicting the ascension of Mary Magdalene. It was built in 1837 by Charles Marochetti. The church also boasts a pipe organ, built by Cavaillé-Coll in 1846. The organ is still used for concerts nowadays.

          Location

          The Madeleine Church is located at the Place de la Madeleine, close to the Palais Garnier and the Place de la Concorde.

          Subway
          Madeleine (M8,M12,M14)
          Location
          Place de la Madeleine
          8e arrondissement
          90
          paris
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